How is Forging used in day to day life? There are lots of things forging is used in, things that we use daily and probably do not even think about, here we look at some of the things that forging is used for.
Everyday kitchen items may have been forged, things such as cutlery, knives and can openers. In the industrial sector, many mechanisms used forged items things such as gears, chain drives and brakes and clutches. Many other tools such as gardening tools, hammers, wrenches, and pliers will all have been made using the forging process.
There are many different types of forging available, some of them are drop forging, press forging and hot and cold forging.
The main process of forging is a manufacturing procedure where basically a piece of metal is moulded into the desired shape by using a hammer using many blows and heat the metal can be forged into its desired shape.
Most metals can be forged, however, if the carbon content is over 2 %, that metal is called cast iron and because of its low melting point and it is so brittle it cannot be forged.
Many tools are used in forging, they are used to move, clamp and support. A blacksmith will need an anvil and a punch and chisels and hammers.
The forging process creates a tougher part than casting would, this can be determined by a tensile test. Also, you can tell if something was cast or forged by the look of the grain structure.
Forgings are stronger than castings and are more durable and reliable. It increases the strength of heat and pressure applied. Although compared to casting forging is more expensive for the initial cost. Forging cannot produce complex shapes as casting can. Size can be limited depending on the size of the press you have.